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The capacity of a solution containing a weak base and its conjugated acid to resist falls in pH when small quantities of an acid are added. The buffering occurs within a specific pH range and capacity that depends on the amount of alkali present in the solution. In aquaponics, the buffering occurs with carbonate or bicarbonate ions binding hydrogen ions from nitric acid until they all become saturated into carbonic acid, their weak conjugated acid form. @FAO

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