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Eliminating insect pests in aquaponic systems is more difficult than in traditional soil-based or hydroponic growing methods. Common insecticides are typically toxic to aquatic vertebrates at very low concentrations. Many practitioners implement an ecosystem-based approach to pest prevention and reduction, known as integrated pest management (IPM). This strategy may implement a pronged approach of physical, environmental, biological, and/or microbial controls.
Source: Janelle Hager, Leigh Ann Bright, Josh Dusci, James Tidwell. 2021. Kentucky State University. Aquaponics Production Manual: A Practical Handbook for Growers.