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The majority of aquaponic systems follow the same basic design or "order of operations" (Figure 1). The main components of aquaponic systems are a fish culture tank, solids filtration, biological filtration, hydroponic component, and sump. The solids and biological filtration can either be combined (ex. media- based system) or separated into different units (ex. deep water culture).
Source: Janelle Hager, Leigh Ann Bright, Josh Dusci, James Tidwell. 2021. Kentucky State University. Aquaponics Production Manual: A Practical Handbook for Growers.