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Chapter 4 Hydroponic Technologies

3 years ago

12 min read

Carmelo Maucieri, Carlo Nicoletto, Erik van Os, Dieter Anseeuw, Robin Van Havermaet, and Ranka Junge

Abstract Hydroponics is a method to grow crops without soil, and as such, these systems are added to aquaculture components to create aquaponics systems. Thus, together with the recirculating aquaculture system (RAS), hydroponic production forms a key part of the aqua-agricultural system of aquaponics. Many different existing hydroponic technologies can be applied when designing aquaponics systems. This depends on the environmental and financial circumstances, the type of crop that is cultivated and the available space. This chapter provides an overview of different hydroponic types, including substrates, nutrients and nutrient solutions, and disinfection methods of the recirculating nutrient solutions.

Keywords Hydroponics · Soilless culture · Nutrients · Grow media · Aeroponics · Aquaponics · Nutrient solution


C. Maucieri · C. Nicoletto

Department of Agriculture, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment, University of Padova, Campus of Agripolis, Legnaro, Italy

E. v. Os

Wageningen University and Research, Business Unit Greenhouse Horticulture, Wageningen, The Netherlands

D. Anseeuw

Inagro, Roeselare, Belgium

R. V. Havermaet

Provinciaal Proefcentrum voor de Groenteteelt Oost-Vlaanderen, Kruishoutem, Belgium

R. Junge

Institute of Natural Resource Sciences Grüental, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Wädenswil, Switzerland

© The Author(s) 2019 77

S. Goddek et al. (eds.), Aquaponics Food Production Systems,


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