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Aquaponics (AP) is a self-supporting food production system that combines recirculating aquaculture with plant culture in the absence of soil (hydroponics). High-volume fish production results in nutrient- rich water that can be used to provide nutrients for plant cultivation.
Source: Janelle Hager, Leigh Ann Bright, Josh Dusci, James Tidwell. 2021. Kentucky State University. Aquaponics Production Manual: A Practical Handbook for Growers.